Toll is a road user charge, a levy in the sense of a road duty. For the use of motorways, roads, tunnels or bridges. Inner-city toll for entry into defined inner-city zones, e.g. London. For traffic reduction and calming.
A toll can be levied on an access basis and then entitles the user to use certain roads or areas without taking actual use into account. Access is usually limited in time. When a toll is levied on the basis of use, the amount of the charge is determined by actual use. Alternatively, the toll may be set according to the distance travelled or the time spent in the toll zone.
Tolling systems are either state-owned or privately owned, depending on the infrastructure provided.
Toll in Germany
In 2005 Germany introduced motorway tolls for trucks. Since then there have been further adjustments to its scope. Since 2012, the toll obligation has also applied to vehicles with a gross vehicle weight of 7.5 t or more. The toll obligation was successively extended to include the use of federal highways, so that since 2018 the toll obligation has also applied to all German federal highways. Electric trucks and, until the end of 2020, natural gas-powered trucks are exempt from tolls for trucks.
The assessment basis for the truck toll is made up of the distance travelled, an additional toll rate per km for air pollution and a further surcharge per km for noise pollution. The toll is collected automatically by satellite transmission via an onboard unit in the vehicle to Toll Collect. If the vehicle does not have any transmission technology on board, the manual trip booking function must be used before the journey begins.