The main run is one of the logistical processes in distribution logistics. It takes place between the preliminary leg and the subsequent leg. For combined transport and groupage shipments that are not handled in direct transport, the logistics chain is divided into a preliminary leg, the subsequent main leg, and the final subsequent leg.
The main leg is a logistical sub-process in freight transport in which many different individual shipments are processed as groupage freight. In the preliminary leg, a shipping agent collects the individual unit loads that are to be transported to different recipients from the shippers. In a mostly regional logistics center, these individual piece goods are then sorted according to certain criteria and reassembled into corresponding groupage shipments for transport in the main leg.
Classification of the main leg in the logistics chain
As soon as the consignments have been consolidated and loaded onto individual means of transport, the main run follows. The main leg is the transport to the logistics centre of the receiving forwarding agent in the respective destination region. The groupage freight transports have been compiled beforehand, among other criteria, according to the place of receipt. In the distribution center of the receiving forwarding agent, the second transshipment takes place after the main leg. Here the groupage freight is again divided into individual shipments. At the receiving forwarding agent, the shipments are then sorted, grouped and loaded onto the means of transport for the subsequent leg.
In the case of combined transport, specific means of transport are provided for the individual processes. The main leg in combined transport is limited to rail transport and ship/sea freight transport. The pre- and post-carriage takes place on the road and should be kept as short as possible.